Botanical Name : PTEROCARPUS MARSUPIUM ROXB.
Family Name: FABACEAE
Common Name: INDIAN KINO TREE, MALABAR KINO TREE, KINO
Part Used: HEART WOOD, LEAVES, FLOWERS
Uses : The heart wood is astringent, bitter acrid, anti inflammatory, anthelmintic, anodyne. It is considered as magical for Diabities. It turns the water blue as soon as it comes in contact with the water. It is good for elephantiasis, leucoderma, diarrhoea, dysentary, rectalgia, cough and greyness of hair.
Uses.—Kino is powerfully astringent, and in this country is much used for the suppression of morbid discharges. In diarrhea, not attended with febrile excitement or inflammation, it is often an excellent adjunct to opium and the absorbent medicines, and is a favorite addition to chalk mixture. It is also used in chronic dysentery when astringents are admissible; in leucorrhea and diabetes; and in passive hemorrhages, particularly those from the uterus and the intestines. The infusion may be made by pouring eight fluidounces of boiling water on two drachms of the extract, and straining when cool; aromatics may be added, if deemed advisable. The dose of this infusion is a fluidounce (30 mils). The proportion of alcohol in the tincture renders it frequently an unsuitable preparation.
Dose, eight to thirty grains (0.5-2.0 Gm.).
Chakravarty & Gode (1984) isolated an active compound (-) Epicatechin , a flavonoid which was found to reverse diabetogenic action of alloxan in albino rats. Concurrent histological studies showed that the pancreases of these animals showed regeneration of the B-cell populations and that these regenerated cells were functional in nature.
* Life Sciences (USA) Vol 31, P 2693-97 Lancet 1981, P. 759.
•Anti diabetic property of Pterocarpus Marsupium is mentioned by a number of authors. The aqueous extract of the heart-wood was tried on rabbits , and was found to exert favorable results in diabetic patients.
* Ref. Ind. Jour. Med. Res 55(2), P 166-68
•Rajasekharan et al (1976) found that P M. effectively lowers the sugar content in urine and significantly reduced the blood sugar level.
* Jour.In. Med. Yoga & Homeo 1(2) 1976 P 9-15 (-) epicatechin Ref.
Sheenan es al. J. Nutn. Prod. 46(2), 232-4 (1983)Also Kedar & Chakrabarti
Maharasthra Med. J. –28 , P 165 (1981)
A no. of experimental and clinical studies were conducted in MS Varanasi on the hypoglycemic activity of Pterocarpus Marsupium